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  • FifthQuadrant

6 Ways a GIS System Can Turn Your Business Around

Updated: Sep 19, 2023

GIS stands for Geographic Information System. It's a computer-based tool used for capturing, storing, analysing, and displaying geographically referenced information.

GIS integrates various types of data, such as maps, satellite imagery, aerial photography, and tabular data (data in tables), to create a visual representation of the relationships between different geographical features and attributes.

Key components and concepts of GIS include:

1. Spatial Data: This refers to data that has a geographic or spatial component. It could be in the form of points (e.g., the location of a city), lines (e.g., roads or rivers), or polygons (e.g., countries or land parcels).

2. Attribute Data: This is non-spatial information linked to the spatial data. For example, a point on a map might represent a city, and its attributes could include population, elevation, or name.

3. Layers: GIS data is organised into layers, where each layer represents a specific type of geographic feature. Layers can be stacked on top of each other to create complex maps with multiple information types.

4. Spatial Analysis: GIS allows you to perform various types of spatial analysis, such as buffering (creating zones around specific points), overlaying (combining different layers to see intersections), and spatial querying (asking questions about spatial relationships).

5. Cartography: GIS tools enable the creation of maps, whether for print or digital use, with the ability to control how different layers are displayed, what symbols and labels are used, and how data is visually represented.

6. Geocoding: This is the process of converting addresses (like "123 Main Street") into geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude), which can be used in GIS.

7. Remote Sensing: GIS can integrate data from satellite imagery, aerial photography, and other remote sensing sources to provide up-to-date and detailed geographic information.

8. Global Positioning System (GPS): GPS technology is often used in conjunction with GIS to capture real-time spatial data in the field.

To learn more about how FifthQuadrant supports digital transformations using VertiGIS software, please contact us.


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